The threat to commercial shipping in the West Mediterranean is currently assessed as LOW. It is well known that military forces along the Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian coastline regularly patrol along their territorial waters (TTW) to ensure integrity and security is maintained. Nonetheless, it is clearly impossible to monitor the entire coastline continuously, therefore a number of illegal activities continue to take place in the West Mediterranean.
Drug trafficking from the Moroccan coast to the south Spanish coast using small,modern high speed vessels is still observed. Law enforcement agencies in the region continue to fight these activities. Other than a navigational consideration, these fast craft pose no direct threat to commercial traffic, with their main focus being the delivery of illegal cargo..
Illegal migration routes from Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia are used predominantly by migrants and refugees to enter the European Union. The usage of these routes by Violent Extremist Organisations is not confirmed but cannot be excluded.
Often migrants and refugees arrive in Spain by land, mainly to the two Spanish enclaves in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). Additionally, sea arrivals to the south of Spain have occurred. This represents a significant increase in arrivals to Spain. Due to the normal transit routes used by commercial shipping, the probability of encountering a migrant boat in the WMED, while possible, is assessed as LOW.
OVERALL THE SECURITY AND TERRORISM THREAT TO SHIPPING TRANSITING IN THIS REGION IN OPEN WATERS IS ASSESSED AS LOW.